Artificial intelligence (AI) is the combination of computer science, physiology and philosophy. It includes capacity to learn, store and maintain the knowledge, utilize commonsense reasoning, apply analytical abilities, discern relationships between facts, communicate ideas to others, perceive and make sense of the world and imagine new situations and events. The machines aided with the technology of Artificial Intelligence, therefore, will have their own thinking and deciding capabilities. As a result, they will be operating automatically and responding to any situation intelligibly.
Thus, they will be mobilized in every possible field of human endeavour. Technology, rightly, has become our right hand. Every work we perform today is aided by technology. Consequently, we are capable of performing difficult works in comparatively less time. Artificial Intelligence too can be used for human welfare by pushing the technology further. All the machines using this technology will be able to work independently. In most of the cases, they will reduce, if not replace, the employees. Moreover, the time duration required for the completion of work will be reduced.
Humans will, thus, get rid of busy schedules of their work and hence they will have free time to enjoy their life with their family and friends. In this way, social and family life of the people will be drastically improved with the introduction of AI into work. AI will increase the application fields of computers and machineries. Even to this date there are tasks which needs to be done manually. We perform research works and analyse them, for example, by ourselves. Then we decide the present condition of the subject and provide a solution for its improvement.
Such works like conducting research, analyzing data and decision making and whatever tasks that require human involvement will be handed to the AI aided robots. With the help of AI machines will become capable of performing almost all the works done by humans at present. So, they can be used in household task for driving, playing, cooking and cleaning and in industrial tasks for processing the raw materials, storing the finished goods and managing the stocks. Therefore, AI will see a wide range of application fields.
Human’s experimental works will be accelerated by the help of AI. The robots with AI will be performing risky and hazardous experiments in the absence of humans. They will be sent to do research in space and other planets. There they will do everything a human was supposed to do. Furthermore, they can be sent to mysterious places like the ‘Bermuda Triangle’ to discover what actually happens in that area. They can also experiment on the curiosities which arouse in them. Thus, they may find new facts or invent new machines.
Therefore, robots will have even more scope than humans in scientific experiments. However, there can be threat to humans from the AI machines. As a scientific fiction,Frankeinstein by Mary Shelley, portrays the possibility of threat from the man-made human, AI robots can draw the same fate to humans. Since it is potentially likely the scientists should be aware enough to avoid such consequences. The employees will become jobless if the human workforce is replaced by the AI robots. A lot of problems will arise as a consequence.
Only the proprietors will earn money. Others will be bankrupt. Questions like ‘Who will take care of jobless people? ‘ will arise. If the government is to handle these people then also it will not be devoid of problems. Equality will become an issue thereafter to what amount of support does each person gets. Eventually there will be political instability since there is high chance that people will protest and launch strikes and so on. Summarising all these we can conclude that Artificial intelligence will be a very useful technology to mankind.
Its use will indeed revolutionise our lifestyle and foster our social life. Since their haphazard implementation can bring countless problems the government or any responsible organisation should regulate and control their uses in various fields of human concern. They should be used wisely and for constructive progress of human beings. artificial intelligence The branch of computer science concerned with making computers behave like humans. The term was coined in 1956 by John McCarthy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Artificial intelligence includes • games playing: programming computers to play games such as chess and checkers • expert systems : programming computers to make decisions in real-life situations (for example, some expert systems help doctors diagnose diseases based on symptoms) • natural language : programming computers to understand natural human languages • neural networks : Systems that simulate intelligence by attempting to reproduce the types of physical connections that occur in animal brains • robotics : programming computers to see and hear and react o other sensory stimuli Currently, no computers exhibit full artificial intelligence (that is, are able to simulate human behavior). The greatest advances have occurred in the field of games playing. The best computer chess programs are now capable of beating humans. In May, 1997, an IBM super-computer called Deep Bluedefeated world chess champion Gary Kasparov in a chess match. In the area of robotics, computers are now widely used in assembly plants, but they are capable only of very limited tasks.
Robots have great difficulty identifying objects based on appearance or feel, and they still move and handle objects clumsily. Natural-language processing offers the greatest potential rewards because it would allow people to interact with computers without needing any specialized knowledge. You could simply walk up to a computer and talk to it. Unfortunately, programming computers to understand natural languages has proved to be more difficult than originally thought. Some rudimentary translation systems that translate from one human language to another are in existence, but they are not nearly as good as human translators.
There are also voice recognition systems that can convert spoken sounds into written words, but they do not understand what they are writing; they simply take dictation. Even these systems are quite limited — you must speak slowly and distinctly. In the early 1980s, expert systems were believed to represent the future of artificial intelligence and of computers in general. To date, however, they have not lived up to expectations. Many expert systems help human experts in such fields as medicine and engineering, but they are very expensive to produce and are helpful only in special situations.
Today, the hottest area of artificial intelligence is neural networks, which are proving successful in a number of disciplines such as voice recognition and natural-language processing. There are several programming languages that are known as AI languages because they are used almost exclusively for AI applications. The two most common are LISP and Prolog. Q. What is artificial intelligence? A. It is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs.
It is related to the similar task of using computers to understand human intelligence, but AI does not have to confine itself to methods that are biologically observable. Q. Yes, but what is intelligence? A. Intelligence is the computational part of the ability to achieve goals in the world. Varying kinds and degrees of intelligence occur in people, many animals and some machines. Q. Isn’t there a solid definition of intelligence that doesn’t depend on relating it to human intelligence? A. Not yet. The problem is that we cannot yet characterize in general what kinds of computational procedures we want to call intelligent.
We understand some of the mechanisms of intelligence and not others. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the area of computer science focusing on creating machines that can engage on behaviors that humans consider intelligent. The ability to create intelligent machines has intrigued humans since ancient times, and today with the advent of the computer and 50 years of research into AI programming techniques, the dream of smart machines is becoming a reality. Researchers are creating systems which can mimic human thought, understand speech, beat the best human chessplayer, and countless other feats never before possible.
Find out how the military is applying AI logic to its hi-tech systems, and how in the near future Artificial Intelligence may impact our lives. It is not my aim to suprise or shock you–but the simplest way I can summarize is to say that there are now in the world machines that can think, that can learn and that can create. Moreover, their ability to do these things is going to increase rapidly until–in a visible future–the range of problems they can handle will be coextensive with the range to which the human mind has been applied. –Herbert Simon