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Scarlet Letter And Pearl

One of the most complex and elaborate characters in The Scarlet Letter is Pearl,
the misbegotten offspring of Hester Prynne and Arthur Dimmesdale. Throughout the
story Pearl, becomes quite the dynamic little individual, as well as an
extremely important symbol- one who is constantly changing. Pearl’s
involvement in the complex history of her parents inadvertently forced her to be
viewed as different and is shunned because of her mother’s sin. Pearl is a
living scarlet letter to Hester, Dimmesdale and finally the reader, acting as a
constant reminder of Hester’s, as well as humanity’s shortcomings. Hawthorne
uses vivid descriptions to characterize Pearl, as he dose to every character
thought the story. Pearl is first described as the infant; “…Whose innocent
life had sprung, by the inscrutable decree of Providence, a lovely and immortal
flower, out of the rank luxuriance of a guilty passion.” . From the beginning
of her life Pearl is viewed as the result of a sin, and as a punishment.

Physically, Pearl has a “Beauty that became every day more brilliant, and the
intelligence that threw its quivering sunshine over the tiny features of this
child.” Pearl is described as beautiful, with a “Beauty that shone with deep
and vivid tints’ a bright complexion, eyes possessing intensity both of depth
and glow, and hair already of a deep, glossy brown, and which, in after years,
would be nearly akin to black.” Combined with her lavish beauty Hester dresses
her child in copious dresses that are the envy of even the finest dressed adults
in the town. The lovely dresses and her beauty cause her to be viewed as even
stranger from the other typical Puritan children ,whom are dressed in
traditional clothing. As a result, she is accepted only by nature and animals,
and ostracized by the other Puritan children. “Pearl was a born outcast of the
infantile world… the whole peculiarity, in short, of her position in respect
to other children.”. Pearl was never accepted by the children even though her
inescapable seclusion was due to the sin of her mother. If by chance the
children would show interest in Pearl she would “grow positively terrible in
her puny wrath, snatching up stones to fling at them…” Because of Pearl’s
seclusion from society nature seemingly sympathizes with Pearl, which is evident
by eerie role of the sunshine in the forest. “The light lingered about the
lonely child, as if glad of such a playmate,” . The sunshine seams almost
grateful for Pearl presence, accepting her as an equal, and illuminating her
beauty. Perhaps Hawthorn meant this as a biblical illusion to the light of Gods
saving grace, and it’s welcoming of even the most sinful person. Hawthorne
describes another sign of acceptance as the “Great black forest…became the
playmate of the lonely infant.” . Suggesting Pearl’s close association to
evil. Eventually it is stated, “The truth seems to be, however, that the
mother-forest, and these wild things which it nourished all recognized wildness
in the human child.” As a result of Pearl not being accepted by the community
she takes on the characteristics of nature because nature accepts her as one of
its own. Pearl’s character “Lacked reference, and adaptation to the world
into which she was born. The child could not be made amenable to rules.”. This
quote reveals a striking resemblance in description between Pearl and nature.

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Pearl and nature are referred to as not conforming to Puritan society. For the
Puritan’s sought to destroy (human) nature, and in the Puritan’s eyes Pearl
sought to destroy them. This characteristic makes Pearl so different from the
rest of society that she is unaffected by the community’s harsh reaction to
her existence and constant disapproval, and is a product of nature and its ways
She is extremely intelligent and always asking questions at the most
inauspicious times, such as requesting of her illegitimate father to “..Stand
here (in public disgrace) with mother and me, to-morrow at noontide” Her mood
swings are also quite peculiar. One moment she is laughing for no apparent
reason or at some ill form of malice and the next she is filled with an eerie
hush. This anomalous behavior is why she is sometimes referred to by the
townspeople as the “elf-child” or “imp.” The townspeople
even refer to her as a “demon offspring.” Hester however sees her as a
treasure, a blessing resulting from a bad choice, and thus named her pearl for
just as a clam produces a beautiful creation as the result of a terrible
incident, so pearl was created. This terrible incident is the sin committed
between Hester and Dimmesdale. In chapter two, the reader sees Hester refusing
to hold Pearl next to her breast with the scarlet “A.” Hester dose
this because she feels that one symbol of shame would be inadequate to hide
another, a truth illustrated by Pearl many times thought the novel. By
acknowledging the letter on her mother’s chest, Pearl plays an extremely active
role in Hester’s penance rather than a passive one. In Chapter 15, the reader
sees Pearl try to emulate her mother by placing seaweed in the shape of an
“A” on her own chest, once again suggesting her active role in
Hester’s punishment. To Dimmesdale, Pearl is a living conscience. Pearl is
continuously seeking public recognition from Dimmesdale as her father, which is
only natural; however even from her infancy her constant seeking has presented
an uncanny representation of the trite expression “Your sins will find you
ought.” She represents the driving force behind Dimmesdale’s tormented soul,
which seeks nothing, but to be released from anguish. In the second scaffold
scene, Pearl asks Dimmesdale to stand on the scaffold with her and her mother in
full view of the town’s people, but when he refuses she eagerly pulls her hand
away, saying he is “not bold” and “not true.” In chapter 19,
the reader again sees Dimmesdale deny public recognition of his daughter. After
being denied her ever-important request, Pearl eagerly wipes away the kiss that
Dimmesdale had earlier given here. In the final scaffold scene, Pearl’s role as
symbol is completed. Dimmesdale publicly acknowledges his daughter and Hester,
and then dies. Pearl then kisses her father signifying the end her father’s
anguish, and the end of a great novel. (i personeally take no responcibiliaty
for this essay nor do i clame it to be compleetley myne)
Baym, Nina. Introduction. The Scarlet Letter. By Nathaniel Hawthorne. New
York City: Penguin Books USA, Inc. 1986. Clendenning, John. “Nathaniel
Hawthorne.” The World Book Encyclopedia. 1989 ed. Griswold, Rufus Wilmot.

“The Scarlet Letter.” The Library of Literary Criticism of English and
American Authors. Ed. Charles Wells Moulton. Gloucester, Massachusetts: Peter
Smith Publishing, 1959. 341-371. Hawthorne, Nathaniel. The Scarlet Letter. New
York: Penguin Books USA Inc., 1986. Smiles, Samuel. “The Scarlet
Letter.” The Critical Temper. Ed. Martin Tucker. New York City: Frederick
Ungar Publishing Company, 1962. 266


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