Most studies suggest the main reason why juveniles participate in prostitution is that she has no other way of funding for herself, making this specific issue a social problem. While Simons and Whitlock argue that when a child is sexually abused it could create attitudes about ones self and allow that child to believe and experience the act Of sex that enable the selling of sexual favors (Simons et al. , 1991 ). Together these both could foster many ideas as to why women specifically are drawn to the deviant act of prostitution.
Whether that’s the attitudes the post CSS leaves behind, or the act that if the child leaves home and she no longer has any means to fund her living situations. Sociology is the study of human society (Conley, 201 1). Researchers use Sociological Imagination to connect the most basic, intimate aspects of an individual’s life to seemingly impersonal and remote historical forces (Conley, 2011 ). CSS and prostitution are both deviant behaviors of human society. Using social imagination you could connect why a person may subject their self to such deviant behaviors such as prostitution.
Determining factors such as mall treatment, dysfunctional home life and inability to fund for themselves links child sexual abuse to the participation in the illegal act of prostitution. For this particular topic child sexual abuse acts as the independent variable whereas prostitution is the dependent. Literature Review A review of the long-term effects of child sexual abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect (Pitchman et al. , 1992). This lengthy article conveys multiple side effects of sexual child abuse. It gives numerous effects which allowed me to choose specific ones to make my research topic more precise and allowed for more detailed results.
It conveyed many aspects as to children who has abused has an increase chance of having difficulties/ obstacles later in life. Since this journal accurately describes multiple effects of child abuse, I used it as the main paper to help build my research off of it. Antecedents to Prostitution, addresses the issue of prostitution and how adolescents who are abused tend to turn to prostitution for means of survival (Madonna et al. , 1998). This article supports the idea that children leave dysfunctional families and move to the streets.
There they are still underage and cannot legally get a job ender the age of sixteen. The journal describes the multiple common characteristics of prostitutes. Some characteristics include family behaviors, parental alcohol abuse, inter-parental violence, and adolescent self-image. Child Sexual Abuse And Subsequent Psychopathology: Results From The National Commodity Survey. American Journal of Public Health (Molar et al. , 2001). Didn’t obtain as much information as I would have liked form this article, but did find some paragraphs that would work well in the paper to support my topic.
It goes on to explain why CSS is a public health problem as ell as what the abuse leads to after the child is victimized. This article also talks about how the psychiatric disorder of the victim could take a large toll on the family as well as the child. This article relates to how a child sees herself after the abuse. Molar (2001 ) asserts “development of a child’s sense of self, leading to difficulty in relating to others, inability to regulate reactions to stressful events, and other interpersonal and emotional challenges’ (peg. 753). Child Sexual Abuse: Consequences and Implications (Hornier, 2009).
This scholarly journal pertains to the larger view of CSS, focusing on more general consequences and impacts that children may go through after they are victimized. It goes on to specifically describe what CSS consists of. Hornier (2009) claims that ” The behavior include fondling of the breasts, genitalia, or buttocks under or on top of clothing exposure to pornography or adults engaging in sexual activity, or even oral, anal, or vaginal penetration” (peg. 359). Sexual Abuse as a Precursor to Prostitution and visualization and Adult Homeless Women (Simons & Whitlock, 1991).
This lengthy journal looks at he overview of the attitude of sexually abused women. Simons and Whitlock(1 991 ) believe that ” These individuals are concerned with the way in which the specific experience of child sexual abuse fosters attitudes about oneself and the act that facilitate the selling of sexual favors” (peg. 363). There is not specific correlation between CSS and prostitution, but there are multiple side effects that could lead women to the streets. Sexual Child Abuse as an Antecedent to Prostitution (Gilbert & Pines, 1981). This brief journal specifically studies the correlation between CSS to prostitution.
Studies show that children who are abused run away from their family, leading them to prostitution to help them live on their own. According to Gilbert and Pines, Roughly 96% of women who participated in the study were runaways (Gilbert & Pines, 1981). This supports the claim that one major reason that adolescents who are involved in sexual abuse from a member in their household, will abandon their home and all funds of living to leave the abuse. Stranding them on the street without food, a home or money, this leads them to participate in prostitution. Victims of Childhood Sexual Abuse- Later Criminal Consequences (Spats Widow, 1995).
This article generally explains how children, who are sexually abused, have an increase chance to commit a criminal offense. Widow (1995) claims that “In general, people who experience any type of maltreatment during childhood-whether sexual abuse, physical abuse, neglect-are more likely than people who were not maltreated to be arrested later in life” (peg. 1). Data and Methods Participant Recruitment from neighborhoods known for prostitution (Madonna et al. , 1998). The sample size for this survey is eighty two women. Forty five ere adolescents prostitutes while the other thirty seven were not prostitute adolescents.
Each were separated into two different groups, and taking into consideration that this sample size is on the smaller size, making it difficult to use for a valid generalization. Madonna et al states their argument as “Both prostitutes and unpropitious adolescents were victims of child sexual abuse (68% and 57%Y’ (Madonna, Coverall, & Schoolchildren, 1998). The difference s between the groups was not drastically different. This study could not conclude that most children who fall victims to CSS become prostitutes later n life. Child Sexual Abuse: Consequences and Implications (Hornier, 2009).
This specific article does not contain a survey that they conducted. It contains more general information to inform their audience on what exactly CSS and the impact it has on the victim later in their lives. Victims Of Childhood Sexual Abuse- Later Criminal Consequences (Spats Widow, 1995), also doesn’t conduct a survey within the journal. Instead of conducting a survey, the article compares older studies to more recent studies. Interviews conducted Des Monies, Iowa (Simons & Whitlock, 1991). The sample size for his survey was 1 35. Forty of the participants was adolescent runaways, and the other ninety five were homeless women.
The sample size is smaller, and the participants were only taken from a specific place in the U. S. Since this isn’t a broad group of women it is difficult to make a generalized assumption for the entire population. According to their results sexual abuse is correlated to prostitution. It is also related to heavy substance use. Interview conducted in the San Francisco Bay Area (Gilbert & Pines, 1 981 The sample for the interview contained two hundred women and juvenile current and former reconstitutes were interviewed (Gilbert & Pines, 1981 ). The sample is larger than most of the other surveys from other articles.
Having a larger sample size increases the authenticity of the study. In the study one could not make correlation between CSS and prostitution. There are multiple consequences of CSS that could lead to prostitution, but they are indirectly related. A review of the long-term effects of child sexual abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect (Pitchman et al. , 1992). This lengthy journal does not conduct just one Survey. Instead for each sub title looks over other survey past researchers have inducted to like sexual child abuse with multiple impacts they might go through in their lifetime.
Child Sexual Abuse And Subsequent Psychopathology: Results From The National Commodity Survey. American Journal of Public Health (Molar et al. , 2001) didn’t obtain as much information as I would have liked form this article, but did find some paragraphs that would work well in the paper to support my topic. It goes on to explain why CSS is a public health problem as well as what the abuse leads to after the child is victimized. This article also talks about how the psychiatric crosier of the victim could take a large toll on the family as well as the child.
This specific journal also doesn’t contain a specific survey or experiment, but rather has some general over view of CSS and some impacts a child who has been a victim might experience. Theory A Social Conflict Theorist would look at inequality for the existing question as to why prostitution still occurs. They may argue that there is still a wealth and economic inequality within the society. Prostitution may still exist because some women do not have access to the means to support their life Tyler. They also do not have access to economic support, so they result to men to help them gain access to financial opportunity.
Functionalist could argue that women lead into prostitution because of the dysfunction of the society. People with a background of CSS are subjected to prostitution. Prostitution then is an easy way out for women who need to have an increase in income. Symbolic Interactions on the other end, would State that women who participate in prostitution own their own bodies and they have rights to do whatever they desire with it. For the women who object themselves to prostitution could possibly use it to symbolize power and control.
Conclusion During the course of this paper I have studied the correlation of CSS and prostitution. According to research I have gathered, you cannot conclude that CSS and prostitution is directly correlated to one another, however most studies suggest that they are indirectly correlated. Some women who fall victims of CSS have implications that may result in them abandoning their household. Once the child is on the streets she may participate in prostitution to survive on her own. The U. S could increase the amount of shelters to provide a safe place for runaways.