Guidelines established to regulate academic dishonesty A. Opining B. Disciplinary actions IV. Refutation preventing Concluding statement: In the long run, putting hard work in and submitting a composition in its entirety with your own interpretation and honesty will serve as an advantage over those who are more informal and resort to imitation. Pedro Delano Incline Proof. Cookhouse 11/27/12 Delano 1 In life, the only way to fully achieve expertise and benefit in a certain interest is to work for it. No matter what that subject may be a person is going to have to apply himself in order to prevail.
Unfortunately, not all humans have plopped a work ethic where they can manage tasks given to them with ease and decide that they need a little extra help. Thus, enhancing their performance, which becomes unfair to those who actually have dedicated themselves to their responsibilities and roles. This issue can mainly be seen in educational systems, where students are regularly cheating and helping each other, and even in the workplace, at which point writers plagiarism others when writing their stories.
In 2003, Robin Gregg, a former writer for the New York Post, popularized work from The National Enquirer and used it in his article in the May 15 edition of the Post (“N. Y. Post”). The only reason why people do this is because they are too lazy to even come up with their own thoughts and ideas and instead try to steal someone else’s. Students and writers have become more accustomed to cheating and popularizing that they forget the fact that what they are doing is unacceptable, are deteriorating their ability to do their own work, and must face severe punishments.
Without a doubt, cheating has been in the world since the beginning of time and will continue until serious measures are taken and all students are held expansible for their actions. At the moment, the percentage of students who have been involved in cheating or popularizing has never been higher and is worrying professors. In surveys conducted from 2006 to 201 0 by Donald L. McCabe, a business professor at Rutgers university in New Jersey, out of 14,000 students, 40 percent admitted to popularizing a few sentences in written assignments, and 61 percent admitted to Delano 2 cheating on assignments and exams (Gabriel).
Which means that more than half of these students were either helping each other with their work or took credit for something they shouldn’t have. Early in September this year at Harvard, about 1 25 students from a 279-person Government class were being investigated for cheating on a take-home final exam (Pennington). This shows that even in some Of the most prestigious schools in the nation, incidents involving students cheating are not rare and need to be snuffed out by school officials.
But beyond the educational system, in the working world there are instances where an employer may resort to stealing another workers information or even make up their own facts. After being promoted to the national desk for the New York Times in 2002, Jason Blair had fabricated material in 36 of the 73 articles he had written since he was transferred to that seat in October (“New York”). When one needs to meet expectations they will do it takes to succeed by any means necessary, even if they have to plagiarism someone else’s work. In most cases, student’s find that working with a partner is much more easier than working alone.
For others, they might prefer to work quietly by themselves. The reason for this is that those students who are working with each other can share information and copy each other, while the other solitary students complete the work in its entirety. In fact some of those students working together have no idea they’re really cheating. A national survey done by Rutgers’ Management Education Center of 4,500 high school students showed that 75 percent of them take part in serious cheating more than half have popularized online works, and many of them don’t see anything Wrong with cheating (Slowing).
Students only concern is to get the information they need and they don’t see any harm in Yin about where their data came from. At the University of Maryland, a student said he thought Wisteria’s entries on the Great Depression did not need to be cited since he insider them as “common knowledge” (Gabriel). It does not matter if a topic has been overexposed and made headlines, if a person does not come up with that information by Delano 3 himself and does not give credit to the actual source it is considered plagiarism.
Referring back to the cheating scandal at Harvard, students claim that instructions were unclear and contradictory for what was considered inappropriate sharing of information, even though there is a repercussion of the incident in their syllabuses (Penne notion). These excuses are not the latest that students have presented throughout the years and some still believe that hat they are doing is appropriate. The advancements in technology the world has achieved have definitely presented more opportunities for a writer or student to plagiarism from the Internet.
In one of the surveys done by McCabe, 47 percent of the high school students examined admitted to directly copying and pasting for the internet, with nearly one third of them saying they didn’t consider it cheating (Gabriel). So far, it has only been getting easier and easier for someone to plagiarism another’s work due to all of the available resources at their disposal. For example, this year in June 71 students at Stuyvesant High School in New York were caught cheating on state Regents exams using smartness to pass photos of test pages and share information while they were taking the test (Baker).
Dating back 30 years ago, people weren’t able to communicate as easy or sneaky as they do now with the help of technology. Michael Josephs, who is the president of the Josephs Institute of Ethics, says, “when you start giving take-home exams and telling students not to discuss it, or letting them carry smartness while taking a test, its an invitation to cheating’ (Perez-Penal). Josephs is right; it really is that easy for a student to type in a question into their phone, search the entire Internet for it and have an answer in a matter of seconds.
Teachers might as well start giving open book tests if this problem keeps persisting. The way people learn that something is wrong is that they learn from their mistakes and are provided a proper example of what is correct. Donald McCabe became aware of the fact that, besides academic pressure, poor examples set by the adult world leads students to cheat and “kids today are looking to adults for a moral compass and when they see the behavior occurring Delano 4 there, they don’t understand why they should be held to a higher standard” (Slowing).
If parents don’t enforce their children to submit their work with honesty and from time to time they themselves are the dishonest ones, their children will follow in their footsteps and commit various acts of academic dishonesty. ‘There’s no question that students have become more competitive and under more pressure that they often excuse more from themselves and classmates which is encouraged by adults around them,” say McCabe (Perez-Peea). Parents are allowing their kids to cut corners in order o succeed and prove that they are better than other students.
In reality, the parent is hurting the student’s integrity and not allowing them to fully comprehend the subject. The amount of students who believe that copying from the Web counts as “serious cheating’ is diminishing, from 34 percent to 29 percent on average in recent surveys over the past decade, according to Donald J. Dudley, who supervises the discipline office at the university of California (Gabriel). This can closely be tied to students being less informed on what are the boundaries of what plagiarism is. Therefore, when students ask parents for help with writing they reach a dead end.
In one case at the University of California, it involved a student who was accused of plagiarism and came to Dudley office with her parents, where in the end the father admitted that he was the one responsible for the plagiarism (Gabriel). For those who rely on the ability of others to complete a particular piece of work and merely steal that person’s creation, exceeding in that field will be a breeze. No effort is needed when someone plunders another’s work and passes it off as their own, thus, causing the expansion of more students who cheat and plagiarism.
This habit is then sometimes conveyed to one’s life in the future and provokes writers and reporters to seize the opportunity of not having to produce a truthful piece of work and can lead to complications. Jason Blair believed that he could get away with coming up with false information and presenting it to the public. When it seemed that Blair was half. Ray around the world securing a factual story, he would actually have been somewhere in Delano 5 his local area trying to get in contact with someone from a certain location to ask them questions or steal material from other news organizations “Reporter”).
Companies with high notoriety tend to have hundreds of thousands of people read their paper or magazine daily. This guarantees that at least one person could be able to detect or discover that an article contains a deception. Writers such as Stephen Glass, forget the fact that their work is closely observed by countless editors and readers and feel as if what they say goes. While writing for the New Republic, Glass made up characters, facts, websites, and quotations that he would include in his stories, considering that it will make the magazine more interesting and attract additional readers Lung).
The only way to deal with situations such as this is for the press to take action against the dishonest journalist and ensure they never have an article published by them again. As suspicion rose, Jason Blair resigned from the New York Times once a story he published was being investigated by the San Antonio Express-News (“Reporter”). Stephen Glass was dealt with more severely, his journalist career was ended and he had to complete a different major in order to work in another field (Lung). There’s nothing that frustrates a teacher more than reading an essay by a detent or grading a test that has been copied or taken from other sources.
While surveys done by the Josephs Institute of Ethics in the previous year arrived at the fact that about four-fifths of students say there morality is above average, about three-fifths admit to having cheated or popularized (Perez Penal). To address the problem of students popularizing online, several colleges are requiring students to complete online tutorials about plagiarism and have subscribe to anti-plagiarism services such as Turning. Com, which searches a database of billions of online sources to seek out plagiarism (Gabriel).
These strategies help cut down the rates of plagiarism at some schools and make it almost impossible for a student to copy from a source word for word. It is also helpful to the teacher’s in a way that allows ensuring that their student’s work is original and not a replication of Delano 6 another’s writing. English Professor at Hillsboro High School, Darrel Knoll uses Turning for all his English classes on essays and research papers and says, “It helps me by identifying papers that have a high tendency toward popularized materials, which then allows me to do more investigation” (Ratify).
Students rating can then be improved with the help of teachers, since what they are turning in is their own work and is reasonable to a normal student’s thought process, not a professional writers. With students facing a higher grade standard than before, they are more tempted to cheat and plagiarism in their classes. When it comes to time management and having to take care of studies and schoolwork, some students have almost no time at all to keep up with their classes, particularly athletes. Athletes who might have been involved in the cheating scandal at Harvard, such as the senior basketball co-captains Kyle Casey and Brandy
Curry, have taken leaves of absence for the 2012-2013 school year in order to remain eligible but can return for the 2013-2014 school year (Pennington). Such penalties for being caught cheating can result in a zero on the assignment and expulsion from the college or university. On a much more less strict level, students who were involved in cheating on the Regent exams in Stuyvesant High School received letters from the principal, some faced suspension in the fall, and most lost privileges, such as the right to leave campus for lunch (Baker).
Colleges and universities are constantly in intention with each other, therefore it doesn’t seem suitable to one when they face incidents involving students cheating. Instead, they try to improve their university’s reputation by aiding their students in any way possible. In the mid-1 sass, Boston University raised its SAT scores by excluding the verbal scores of foreign students while including their math scores, in 2009, Monmouth University added 200 SAT to its group scores and Baylor university offered their students $300 in bookstore credits to take the SAT in hopes of increasing the university score (Williams).
Most colleges will never be Delano 7 able to find their way around academic dishonesty and continue to deal with fraudulent students. Thus, having to take matters into their own hands. The life of a cheater is a laid-back and worry free one, since they don’t really commit to their duties and rely on the work of others to pass off as their own. At first this seems too good to be true, receiving a passing grade while slacking off the entire time, what’s better?
Alice Newell, a senior at George Mason High School in northern Virginia, seems to agree with this thinking, “the better grades you have, the better school you go to, the better you’re ongoing to do in life. If you learn to cut corners to do that, you’ll be saving time and energy” (Slogging). Initially she is right, but further down the line a student will realize that those corners he cut will play a vital role in the current topic at hand. Today’s national average GAP at American colleges is a 3. 2 or a B+, significantly higher from the CSS where it was a 2. 5 or a C+ (Williams). However, according to a National Assessment of Adult Literacy, the percentage of college graduates proficient in written literacy has declined from 40 percent to 31 percent over the past decade (Williams). There is a ajar discrepancy between the grades that college students are receiving and the percentage of them that are able to read and write correctly. Yet again, students are obtaining grades they are not entitled to on material they have not reviewed nor understand.
Those who have moral standards, are honest, and can, with no trouble, determine what is right and wrong, will be able to remain at ease with no feelings of blame or guilt unlike those who are deceiving. With countless ways to how someone can break the rules to gain the upper hand, students will continue to strive in competition with fellow classmates. The limitations to owe students should use others information are still vague to most aspiring writers, which is why schools are focusing on covering all sections of what is considered plagiarism.