In addition, the product which is a white board marker Ink is very quick to make which saves time and energy. The searchers initially tried to produce a whiteboard marker ink by using a different oil-miscible solvent: a white wine and cooking oil. At first we tried to use the 5 table spoon of white wine. At first, the whiteboard marker worked efficiently but it dried up easily for about 1 day. Secondly, we tried the 5 table spoons of cooking oil (unused) and the ink that has cooking oil produced is darker than the ink with the white wine and the ink works very well.
Acknowledgement In the accomplishment of this project successfully, many people have best owned upon us their blessings and the heart pledge the support, this time the searchers utilizing to thank all the people who have been concerned with project. Primarily, the researchers would like to thank God for being able to complete this project with success. Then the researchers wish to express our deep gratitude and sincere thanks to our principal, pastor Daniel Kim for encouragement and all the facilities that he provided for this project work and the researchers would like to take this opportunity to express our deep sense of gratitude for Mr..
Brian Rae Legal’s in his invaluable guidance, constant encouragement, immense motivation which has sustained our efforts at all stages of this project. Then the researchers would like to thank their parents, classmates and Ms. Johanna Nicole Greenroom who has helped to carry out this project work successfully and for their valuable suggestions and supports which we received from them time to time. We appreciate all your efforts. Thank you so much.
Chapter I Introduction The advancement of teaching is not only shown by the development and usage of multimedia such as the projector and other devices, as the standard of teaching is through writing on the board and discussing what you’ve written to the students because the chalk has proven to have some bad effects to the health especially to those with a weak respiratory system, it was replaced with another erasable and effective writing tool, the whiteboard marker but this efficiency is exchanged with a not so affordable price.
Marker is very important to every student or teacher regardless to which field they belong to, it is just important as pen or pencil. But to talk of their use it is not hidden that they are not only useful for education sector but it is much useful for people in commercial and arts sector. Our investigatory project is about using burnt wood or charcoal and used engine oil to create a mixture by a Seibel solvent an alternative for refilling the common writing item used in schools and offices: the whiteboard marker ink.
The marker ink as said fills a dry whiteboard marker in order for the marker to be used again. Usually, the ink contains chemicals that leaves a mark and can be erasable on a whiteboard but in this Investigatory Project, we used some of the materials that can be found at home to create some mixtures that can do the same as the commercialese ink. This project states that unused things like charcoal can make into alternative, chemical-free, items that can be used again.
Background of the Study Demands for whiteboard markers have risen ever since school replaced their blackboards to whiteboards and chalks to whiteboard markers which are easy to use and erase. Sometimes, students are required to bring their own whiteboard marker that is why the researchers chose this project in order to find an alternative way to produce whiteboard markers since commercialese whiteboard markers are expensive. The researchers also aim to help the students acquire a less expensive whiteboard marker ink that could make a difference in their expenses for their school supplies.
Most of the students don’t have a whiteboard marker because they say that it’s costly. As student researchers, we have researched about the materials that can be an alternative to produce a whiteboard marker ink. The researchers found out that the charcoal and used engine could be an alternative material for producing whiteboard marker ink. Charcoal being the pigment contains the chemical that make our study possible enough furthermore it is a light, black residue consisting of carbon and nay remaining ash.
Cooking oil is plant, animal, synthetic fat used in cooking. Whiteboard marker or dry-erase marker sees an erasable ink made to be used on a silk, non-porous writing surface, for temporary writing, whiteboards. Miscible solvent is the property of substances to mix in all proportions, forming a homogeneous solution. The term is most often applied to liquids, but applies also to solids and gases. Water, ethanol, wine, cooking oil are some examples of miscible solvent.
Objective of the study The researchers’ general objective is to determine the possibility of charcoal and used engine oil as the alternative raw material to manufacture white board marker Ink and to promote recycling by recreating materials and the searchers’ specific objective is to prove the difference between a commercialese one and the recycled one. Significance of the study The importance of this study is that through making this the researchers can promote recycling and reusing of wastes just like what we will be doing to the used engine oil and charcoal.
The researchers would also be able to promote the importance of finding alternatives to products such as the saving of money. Most of all with the success of this project, the researchers may be able to motivate other people to do the same that people may be able to see hat we can do with waste products and that they may be provided with knowledge that they can make something Out Of those trashes, and therefore be able to save our surroundings.
The importance of this study is to help the student and teachers in our society to acquire an affordable source of whiteboard marker ink needed in their school or office works. The importance of this project the researchers can illustrate another way of being resourceful. Scope and Limitation Our study will only deal with the benefits of making an alternative to a whiteboard marker ink and its effectiveness as compared to the commercial whiteboard marker ink. The making of the product should range only from two to three hours, and the budget allotment would only be PH 20. 0 since all the equipment and materials were reused. The focus or the coverage of this study is about using scrap materials into a useable marker ink. It would be limited to the contents of our investigatory project which are charcoal, used engine oil and cooking oil, the advantages and disadvantages Of the product and its similarities and differences to the commercialese whiteboard marker ink. This study you need to have same amount of everything for you to determine their differences or similarities.
Review of the related literature In the ancient times, people have used their own ways of writing; coming informs of carving, using colored liquids such as oil, and even making use of improvised sticks and stones. The most common evidence of this is the hieroglyphics found inscribed in caves. After a while, these people felt a need for change and improvement, so they have tried several ways to create something that they could write with more efficiently and effectively. The people’s growing curiosity about these things eventually motivated them to the advancement and modernization that we are still experiencing today.
Now, in modern times, we have all sorts of writing materials such as mechanical pencils, colored markers and different kinds of pens. But the one that researchers are focusing one is the whiteboard marker, a marker that can be erased with just simple wiping, causing it to be the most favorable writing tool for teaching alongside with chalk, but, it also has it’s disadvantage such as its affordability as the whiteboard marker ink IS expensive. So in this study, we have come up with a simple, cheap alternative to the whiteboard marker ink.
The review of the literature for this study focuses on procedures seed for proving the feasibility of Charcoal and used Engine Oil as an alternative whiteboard marker ink and what similarities and differences between the two has. The review focuses on identifying the advantages and disadvantages, if any, of making an alternative whiteboard marker ink out of the said materials. There are also some ways for you to make an alternative whiteboard marker ink; this dry erase marker can be made from different colors just by using paint.
You can also use this for a dry erase board as well. There are 8 steps to do that roll a cotton ball into a carrot shape, paint the tone ball all over with your paint, add foil around the painted marker but leave both ends open, add water to both ends of the painted cotton ball, decide which end is pointier then add foil around dull side, add the Wrap to the top of the marker, then tape one side of the wrap to create the cap for the marker, let the marker sit for an hour and then its finished, you have dry erase marker through paint and cotton.
The erasable ink does not contain the toxic chemical compounds Selene and/or toluene, unlike permanent markers are another version that is used on overhead projectors, signboards, whiteboards and other non-porous surfaces. Crayon has developed their own washable dry-erase markers. As according to the website homeschoolingheartsandminds. Com crayon washable dry-erase marker is more likely write incredibly smoothly with no detectable friction. The point is very fine moreover it can also be sharpened.
Many students nowadays are using whiteboard marker and the not good odor of it is not good in people’s health so in this crayon dry-erase marker had no noticeable odor. The commercialese markers some are not that good when you are using it in writing, easily to run out of ink but in this crayon washable dry-erase marker oh can buy it in stores and it is cheaper than the commercialese markers and it is like the whiteboard marker through used engine oil and charcoal. Additive. Gar, hawkish. Com, Perez. Com Chapter II Methodology Materials: 1. Used engine Oil 2.
Powdered charcoal 3. Miscible solvent (white wine and cooking oil) Test A: Test B: Chapter Ill Result and Discussion The researchers therefore found that the whiteboard marker can either work using an oil-miscible solvent like at first, the white wine and secondly, the unused cooking oil. The researchers tried the white wine first then the cooking oil. At first, it perfectly worked just fine but it was easily dried up the next day. After the following day, the researchers tried to mix the UN used cooking oil in the ingredients and the result pleased us.
The ink become darker than before, it was like the commercial branded marker that we made but after three days, the marker suddenly faded. Our findings says that failure will never Stop us from discovering new things but it will improve us to search for a better results Chapter IV Conclusion The researchers therefore conclude that the cooking oil is a more effective miscible solvent than white wine. As you read over the procedures and how did it work, you would see that cooking oil could mix powdered solids, like the charcoal, and liquids, like the engine oil, to become a diluted and not a suspended mixture.
As said in the introduction and in the scope and limitation, the miscible solvent played an important role in creating the mixture of ink as without it, you would need to shake it before you start to refill it. It is also the one that makes the powdered charcoals and the engine oil to absorb and combine so that it will never become a suspension. The research paper shows that you can produce a alternative whiteboard marker ink out of charcoal, used engine oil and miscible solvent.