Classification of tourism: Winter tourism: Definition : holidays in ski resorts and snow – related activities Famous winter holiday spots in India: – Shimla : a wonderful winter holiday resort – Manali – Jammu and Kashmir (Gulmarg , Pahalgam) – Sikkim – Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh) -Major ski resorts are located mostly in the various European countries (e. g. Andorra, Austria, Bulgaria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Norway, Poland, Serbia, Sweden, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland), Canada, the United States (e. . Colorado, California, Utah, Montana, Wyoming, New York, New Jersey, Michigan, Montana, Vermont) New Zealand, Japan, South Korea, Chile, Argentina, Kenya and Tanzania. Mass tourism: These places are commonly referred to as destinations with a massive influx of tourists. Mass tourism undoubtedly developed with the improvements in technology that allowed transporting of large numbers of people in a short space of time to places of leisure interest, so that greater numbers of people could begin to enjoy the benefits of leisure time.
With mass tourism development there is a small increase in local jobs and revenue. Mass tourism increases demand for local services such as water, sewer, fuel, power, roads and medical services. Example of this could be the visit to Galapagos Islands. Ecotourism: Ecotourism is: “Responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people. ” Ecotourism is responsible travel to fragile, pristine, and usually protected areas that strive to be low impact and (often) small scale (as an alternative to mass tourism).
One of the goals of ecotourism is to offer tourists insight into the impact of human beings on the environment, and to foster a greater appreciation of our natural habitats. It involves evaluating environmental and cultural factors, also the promotion of recycling, energy efficiency, water conservation, and creation of economic opportunities for local communities. Examples of Eco-tourism destinations: -Gnus and zebras in the Masai Mara park reserve in Kenya. On safari: elephant meeting rhino in Chitwan National Park, Nepal -The few places like the Himalayan Region, Kerala, the northeast India, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and the Lakshadweep islands are some of the places where you can enjoy the treasured wealth of the Mother Nature. Leisure travel/tourism It was started at UK with industrial revolution. Europeans were the first to promote leisure time the increasing industrial population. Many leisure-oriented tourists travel to the tropics, both in the summer and winter.
Places of such nature often visited are: Bali in Indonesia, Brazil, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Malaysia, Mexico the various Polynesian tropical islands, Queensland in Australia, Thailand, Saint-Tropez and Cannes in France, Florida, Hawaii and Puerto Rico in the United States, Barbados, Sint Maarten, Saint Kitts and Nevis, The Bahamas, Anguilla, Antigua, Aruba, Turks and Caicos Islands and Bermuda. Adjectival tourism Adjectival tourism consists of numerous niche or specialty travel forms of tourism that have emerged over the years, each with its own adjective.
Many of these have come into common use by the tourism industry and academics. Medical tourism, nautical tourism, Pop-culture tourism, Religious tourism, Slum tourism, Space tourism are some of examples of Adjectival tourism. Sustainable tourism Sustainable tourism is tourism development that avoids damage to the environment, economy and cultures of the locations where it takes place. The aim of sustainable tourism is to ensure that development is a positive experience for local people; tourism companies; and tourists themselves.
Example: Tourism in Thailand, Thailand amounts to more than just beaches and sandy seaside resorts. It boasts lush jungles and forests in which distinctive hill tribes still live. Pro-poor tourism Pro-Poor Tourism (PPT) is tourism that results in increased net benefits for poor people. It’s not a specific product or niche sector but an approach to tourism development and management. It enhances the linkages between tourism businesses and poor people, so that tourism’s contribution to poverty reduction is increased and poor people are able to participate more effectively in product development.
Links with many different types of ‘the poor’ need to be considered: staff, neighboring communities, land-holders, producers of food, fuel and other suppliers, operators of micro tourism businesses, craft-makers, other users of tourism infrastructure (roads) and resources (water) etc. Types of pro poor tourism strategies- It ranges from increasing local employment to building mechanisms for consultation. Any type of company can be involved in pro-poor tourism – a small lodge, an urban hotel, a tour operator, an infrastructure developer.
Increase in the net benefits that go to poor people is the critical factor. Recession tourism Recession tourism is a travel trend. It evolved by way of the world economic crisis. Its defined by low-cost, high-value experiences taking place of once-popular generic retreats. Various recession tourism hotspots have seen business boom during the recession accrediting to comparatively low costs of living and a slow world job market that suggests travelers are elongating trips where their money travels further. Example: Panama was in a unique situation to profit from recession tourism.
To the recession tourist, there’s nothing better than the combination of cheap, close, and exotic. Panama as a vacation or temporary relocation was considered among different mentalities that had in some way hit by recession. Medical tourism It’s a process of travelling abroad for receiving better medical, dental and cosmetic care by highly skilled surgeons at some of most modern, hi-tech medical facilities across countries. Currently there are about 50 countries recognized as medical tourism destinations. Countries such as India, Singapore, and Thailand are some of the most popular destinations for medical tourists.
Saudi Arabia, Israel and Jordan are among the recommended countries to go to when trying for medical tourism in the Middle East. China is a favorite amongst medical tourists due to its unique approach to treatment. Educational tourism Educational tourism is dedicated to teaching, gaining knowledge and the enhancing of technical competency outside of the classroom environment. It involves visiting other country to learn about the culture, by way of Student Exchange Programs and Study Tours, or to work and apply skills learned inside the classroom in a different environment, such as in the International Practicum Training Program.
Example: An educational tourist experience consisting of a half-day visit to a museum, ecotourism, a three-year degree undertaken partly or wholly in a foreign country, both are different ways of education tourism. Creative tourism In this visitors can be of creative pursuit (including arts, crafts and cookery workshops), with the opportunity to stay in high quality accommodation, and to connect with local people in a distinctive destination. Reason for it is that Tourists are demonstrating a growing desire to connect with each other and feel more in touch with local communities.
Dark tourism This tourism involves visits to “dark” sites, such as battlegrounds, scenes of horrific crimes or acts of genocide, for example: concentration camps. Dark tourism remains a small niche market, driven by varied motivations, such as mourning, remembrance, education, macabre curiosity or even entertainment. Its early origins are rooted in fairgrounds and medieval fairs. Doom tourism One of the hotter travel trends now is “doom tourism”, visiting interesting places before it is “too late”, before environmental or economic changes alter the makeup of this destination or another.
There are plenty of places to go to that have natural beauty, but say you want to see a particular glacier in a mountain range-but it is melting fast. Your choice is go now or soon, or miss it entirely. Sports tourism Since the late 1980s, sports tourism has become increasingly popular. Sports such as rugby, Olympics, Commonwealth games, Asian Games and football World Cups have enabled specialist travel companies to gain official ticket allocation and then sell them in packages that include flights, hotels and excursions.
Classification of Sport Tourism * Hard and soft Sport Tourism * Sport Events Tourism * Celebrity and Nostalgia Sport Tourism * Active Sport Tourism References: http://tourism. indiabizclub. com/info/tourism/types_of_tourism http://www. destinationworld. info/newsletter/feature45. html http://www. ecoindia. com/eco-tourism-in-india. html http://www. thepanamareport. com/travel/tourism/recession-tourism-invented-in-panama. html