Not to covet How do the first four commandments differ from the last six? The first four commandments focus on the relationship between man and God. They command man to revere God and worship Him only. Further, the Sabbath day should be honored as the day a man focuses on their creator. On the other hand, the other six, focus on the relationship between man and another. The emphasis is that people should live harmoniously with one another, thus eliminating vices such as murder, stealing, disrespect, adultery, coveting and bearing false witnesses (Exodus 20, King James Version). 2.
Read he Beatitudes, the blessings of Jesus in the opening verses of the Sermon on the Mount in Matthew chapter 5:1-12. Which one is repeated and emphasized? In the beatitudes, the last one is repeated and emphasized. Jesus first says that blessed will the people be when they are persecuted for the sake of righteousness because they will inherit the kingdom of god. He repeats in verse 12 and emphasize that blessings will be reaped when men revile and persecute his disciples for His sake. In verse 13, He indicates that his disciples should rejoice and be glad because they would have a great reward in the ultimate end. . From the lecture, what two commandments did Jesus say are the greatest? In Matthew 36-39, Jesus gives the two greatest commandments. Firstly, people should love their God with all their hearts, soul, and mind. Secondly, people should love their neighbor as they love themselves. 4. From the lecture and textbook, write out the short quote that philosopher Frederica Nietzsche made famous about truth. The philosopher indicated that truth will have no other Gods alongside it. 5. From the textbook, describe how Raphael, in his great painting School of Athens, evicted Plato and Aristotle.
In the great painting, the central figures are Plato and Aristotle, who seem to be in a deep conservation as they walk. Plato is seen at the vanishing point of the architecture and holds a copy of Times. He is depicted as an old and wise man. On the other hand, Aristotle is younger man holding a copy of Mechanical ethics. He walks ahead of Plato. While the two figures carry their Times and Mechanical ethics copies with their left hand, they gesture with their right hands. Nonetheless, they gesture in different visual planes, with Plato gesturing upwards while Aristotle sutures horizontally. . According to the lecture, what kind of absolute truths require the existence of God? Absolute truth refers to what is essential, valid, or ideal; regardless of the context. It means that the quality of truth cannot be exceeded at any point. In relationship with existence of God, it refers to the source of authority that cannot be disputed. For instance, the bible is essential and ideal to dictate an individual’s faith or set of beliefs. 7. Briefly define General and Special Revelation. God chooses to reveal himself in two ways namely general and special revelation.
General revelation refers to the general truths that are known about God after one observes the nature. On the other hand, individuals can know about God through the supernatural or special ways. 8. From chapter 8 of the textbook, define exclusivity and pluralism. Exclusivity is a situation where a group believes that God has revealed the truth to them and that the rest of humanity is in error. Thus, there is only one way in which human beings can know about God. For instance, some believe that individuals can only know God through Jesus Christ, and that by such knowledge, there is salvation.
Pluralism on the other hand suggests that all religions are equal and can lead to salvation. It is further suggested that rejecting any religion is an act of undermining the truth. 9. According to chapter 7 in the textbook, the lecture, and Job 1-2 and 38-40, does Job ever find out why he suffered? What is the best explanation from our perspective? Until the last chapters of the book of Job, he was not aware of the reasons why he suffered. It is explained in the chapters where he questions God about the cause of his suffering.
However, in chapter 38-40, God spoke to Him in a whirlwind and answered the questions he had asked, especially about his righteousness and what God was capable of doing. Though he is not told why he suffered, all his questions are answered, and he further gets all his wealth back. 10. Read the story of the raising of Lazarus in John 1 1 . What can we learn about Jesus and death from this account of the event? John 11 describes the story of Lazarus, who had been a friend of Jesus and who had suffered an illness that led to his death. Jesus later raises Him from the death.
F-room the story, individuals can learn a few things about Jesus and death. Firstly, Jesus is human and therefore as emotional as everyone else especially when it comes to grievous matters of death. He cried upon realizing that Lazarus was dead. Secondly, Jesus had the power of resurrection. Even after Lazarus had been dead for four days, Jesus was able to raise him. Later in the book, Jesus would resurrect after being persecuted by the roman soldiers. Thirdly, as indicated in verse 40, the death and resurrection of Lazarus was meant to give glory to God. 11. Read the 11 reasons for suffering listed in the lecture.
Which season(s) might provide good cause for a Christian to “count it all joy” as James says to do in James 1:2-4? In the book of James, the brethren are asked to count it all joy as they suffered various temptations because it would yield patience, which in turn would make the individual complete or satisfied. 12. Read the section on Theistic in chapter 9 of the textbook. A. Define theistic. Theistic refers to the theological idea that God is good and just even in the light of evil. It attempts to explain the question on why a good God would create and allow evil. B.
What are two explanations Christians might give to explain the problem of evil, how a good and powerful God would allow suffering? Many Christians accept that there is evil and explain that the reasons why the good and powerful God allow suffering. Firstly, there is the principle of free will defense where Chi rations are allowed to choose whether to serve God or not. The nature of God, would not allow Him to coerce people into servicing Him. Still, though He is capable of destroying evil, he cannot do so without destroying the human freedom. Therefore, his creation has chosen evil freely and borne the consequences.
Secondly, Christians believe that since the existence of God is in itself a mystery, it is impossible to understand everything that He does. The mind of a human being is too limited to understand the purposes of God and His very nature. For instance, the mysteries in the book of revelation indicate that God may be allowing evil for a specific reason that will be revealed at the end of the world. Nonetheless, God has provided enough good in the world that encourage life. 13. According to Philippians 2:1-11, how are Christians to behave in light of what Jesus endured?