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Anthem Vocabulary

Vocabulary Propaganda- information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc. Synonyms- advertising, announcement, publicity Antonyms-facts, reality, truth Derivatives- propagation, propagate, propagandize, propagandistically Medieval- of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or in the style of the Middle Ages Synonyms-antique, old, primitive Antonyms- current, modern, young Derivatives- medievalism, medievalist, medievalize

Socialism- people who don’t care for themselves as individuals but care for success as a whole Synonyms- collective ownership, communism, bolshevism Antonyms- capitalism, democracy Derivatives- social, socialize, socialite Fascism- a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power Synonyms- autocracy, party government, totalitarianism Antonyms- democracy, equality Derivatives- fasces, fascist, fascistic Communism- a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.

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Synonyms- collectivism, socialism, totalitarianism Antonyms- capitalism, democracy Derivatives- communion, communist, communistic Altruism- the quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others Synonyms- benevolence, kindness, selflessness Antonyms- animosity, greediness, malevolence Derivatives- altruist, altruistic, altruistically Conformity- adjusting one’s behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard Synonyms- allegiance, submission, willingness Antonyms- difference, fight, refusal Derivatives- conform, conformance

Obedience- the state or quality of being obedient; a form of compliance that occurs when people follow direct commands, usually from someone in a position of authority Synonyms- accordance, duty, respect Antonyms- mischief, mutiny, rebellion Derivatives- obedient, obediently Independence- freedom from outside control; self-reliance and responsibility Synonyms- autonomy, separation, sovereignty Antonyms- dependence, division, separation Derivatives- independency, independently Dependence- the state of relying on or needing someone or something for aid or support Synonyms- assurance, reliance, trust

Antonyms- freedom, independence, strength Derivatives- dependent, depend, dependable Individualism- a social theory advocating the liberty, rights, or independent action of the individual; defining one’s identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications Synonyms- character, individuality, self Antonyms- commonality, group, socialist Derivatives- individual, individualist, individualize Collectivism- giving priority to the goals of one’s group and defining one’s identity accordingly; work toward bettering society Synonyms- socialism, totalitarianism, Marxism

Antonyms- capitalism, democracy Derivatives- collectivist, collectivization, collectivize Premise- a proposition supporting or helping to support a conclusion. Synonyms- evidence, proof, thesis Antonyms- fact, reality, truth Derivatives- premit, premisal Totalitarianism- absolute control by the state or a governing Synonyms- autocracy, dictatorship, tyranny Antonyms- capitalism, democracy Derivatives- totalitarian, totalitarianize Anthem- a song of praise or devotion Synonyms- chant, hymn, melody Antonyms- silence, non-anthem Derivatives- anthemia, anthemion

Novella- fictional book longer and more complex than a short story Synonyms-narrative, prose, tale Antonyms- epic, legend, saga Derivatives- novel, novelize Objectivism- The belief that certain things, especially moral truths, exist independently of human knowledge or perception of them Synonyms- libertarianism Antonyms- subjectivism Derivatives- objectivist, objectivistic Utopia- ideally perfect state Synonyms- bliss, heaven, paradise Antonyms- hell, dystopia Derivatives- utopian, subtopia Dystopia- a society of human misery Synonyms- hell, abyss, nightmare Antonyms- dreamland, heaven, utopia

Derivatives- dystopian, dystonia, dystrophic Egoism- excessive interest in one’s self; belief that one should be interested in one’s self rather than in others; selfishness; Synonyms- arrogance, pride, superiority Antonyms- altruism, humility, selflessness Derivatives- egoist, egoistic, egoistical Selflessness- having little or no concern for oneself; unselfish Synonyms-chivalrous, generous, helpful Antonyms- greedy, selfish, uncharitable Derivatives- selfless, selflessly Eugenics- science of improving the human race Synonyms- ancestry, inheritance Antonyms- acquirement, dysgenics

Derivatives- eugenism, eugenistic Free will- free and independent choice; voluntary decision Synonyms- desire, freedom, option Antonyms- responsibility, fatalism Derivatives- freedom, free Advocate- support of an idea or cause Synonyms- advise, further, promote Antonyms- assail, attack, oppose Derivatives- advocateship, advocacy, advocation Discerned- to differentiate between two or more things; catch sight of Synonyms- judge, observe, perceive Antonyms- disregards, neglect, overlook Derivatives- discern, discerner, discernibly Approbation- official recognition or approval; praise

Synonyms- admiration, approval, support Antonyms- criticism, disapprobation Derivatives- approbate, approbative, approbatory Portals- a door, gate, or entrance, especially one of imposing appearance Synonyms- doorway, entrance, opening Antonyms- exit, end Derivatives- portable, portaged Furrows- to make wrinkles or grooves Synonyms- crinkle, line, ridge Antonyms- flat, smooth Derivatives- furrowy, furrower Abyss- A bottomless gulf or pit Synonyms- hole, pit, void Antonyms- fullness, whole Derivatives- abyssal, abysmal Illustrious- notably outstanding, famous

Synonyms- distinguished, renowned, well-known Antonyms- infamous, unimportant, unknown Derivatives- illustriously, illustriousness, illustrator Infamy- a bad reputation; shameful Synonyms- atrocity, disgrace, shame Antonyms- dignity, innocence, morality Derivatives- infamies, infamous Depraved- corrupt; lead astray Synonyms-debase, degrade, subvert Antonyms- ennoble, improve, moralize Derivatives- depravation, depravity Reverence- a feeling or attitude of deep respect; to honor Synonyms- admiration, praise, veneration Antonyms- disregard, disrespect, scorn Derivatives- revered, reverend

Raze- to destroy; knock down Synonyms- break down, demolish, overthrow Antonyms- build, construct Derivatives- razor, razee Base- the bottom or lowest part; vulgar Synonyms- cheap, loathsome, pitiful Antonyms- good, honest, noble Derivatives- based, baseless, basely Atone- make amends for Synonym- absolve, correct, redeem Antonyms- flawed, lose, wrong Derivatives- atoned, atoning, atonement Sieve- a utensil for sifting or straining Synonyms- filter, mesh, screen Antonyms- collect, combine Derivatives- sieve analysis Fluid- smooth and effortless Synonyms- effortless, polished, uniform

Antonyms- complicated, effortful, hard Derivatives- fluidity, fluidly Lassitude- a feeling of lack of interest or energy; fatigue Synonyms- exhaustion, laziness, weakness Antonyms- energetic, liveliness, vigor Derivatives- lasslorn, lassik Heed- care, thought Synonyms- attention, caution, regard Antonyms- disregard, indifference, neglect Derivatives- heedful, heedfully, heedfulness Virtue- having excellent morals; righteous Synonyms- purity, quality, righteousness Antonyms- evil, immorally, vice Derivatives- virtueless, virtual Perish- to decay, spoil, or be destroyed

Synonyms- cease, crumble, end Antonyms- revive, survive Derivatives- perishable, perished Tarried- to delay in coming or going Synonyms- dwell, linger, loiter Antonyms- carry on, finish, go Derivatives- tarrying, tarries Submission- yielding or surrendering oneself to the will of another; compliance Synonyms- assent, obedience, surrender Antonyms- fight, resist Derivatives- submit, submissive, submitting Whim- a sudden and impulsive action Synonyms- craze, impulse, urge Antonyms- plan Derivatives- whimsy, whimsical Ecstasy- extreme happiness Synonyms- delight, elation, joy

Antonyms- despair, sorrow, trouble Derivatives- ecstatic, ecstasize Vindicate- to prove right Synonyms- absolve, clear, exonerate Antonyms- accuse, blame, convict Derivatives- vindicated, vindicating, vindicable Defiled- corrupt, violate Synonyms- abuse, soil, tarnish Antonyms- clean, honor, purify Derivatives- defilement, defiler Mephistopheles- the devil in Goethe’s Faust to whom Faust sold his soul for knowledge. Gaea- goddess of the earth and mother of Cronus and the Titans in ancient mythology; Mother Earth Prometheus- the Titan who stole fire from Olympus and gave it to mankind


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